More than 2.1 million Americans now work in energy efficiency (EE), representing the biggest part of the entire energy sector. Workers in every state and community pull on their gloves and boots daily to help make our homes, offices, schools and other buildings more efficient. And some “boot up” in an office rather than out in the field, like developers of advanced energy management software, architects and designers, and administrative staff.

Whether EE workers upgrade heating/cooling systems or improve building enclosures, manufacture Energy Star equipment and appliances or install advanced lighting systems, they’re also helping American consumers, businesses and local governments to save money, reduce emissions and fight climate change.

This report details the size of this important employment sector, including its continued recovery from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and how smart public investments now including the infrastructure and President Biden’s Build Back Better agenda can make our entire economy more resilient, drive growth, and create new jobs in every part of the country while while helping to address the threat of climate change.

The 2021 Energy Efficiency Jobs in America report includes an 15-page national summary and individual factsheets for all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia that include more detailed findings including job totals for every congressional and legislative district, industry and technology breakdowns, demographics, and maps of every state’s top counties.

This annual report focuses solely on the energy sector of the economy. Jobs in retail trade, vehicle efficiency-related work, and the 4.2 million jobs related to efficient manufacturing processes are excluded from these numbers.


To download the national summary, click here or the report cover above.

For all 51 individual factsheets, visit .

Previous Reports


For questions on this report, methodology, reported job numbers, or requests for specific additional data, email E2 Communications Director Michael Timberlake ( An FAQ for the report, including answers to questions on methodology, is available here.

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