Below are some of the most frequently asked questions about the Energy Efficiency Jobs in America annual reports.

If your question is not fully answered here, contact or Join the conversation online at #EEJobsinAmerica!

 Q: How important are energy efficiency jobs?

A: More than 2.3 million Americans work in energy efficiency, an industry that added more new jobs in 2018 than any other in the entire U.S. energy sector. Efficiency workers do much more than eliminate out energy waste. They represent a thriving economic development engine devoted to designing and building a better, healthier future.

Q: What does the report base its findings on?

A: The data foundational to the annual Energy Efficiency Jobs in America reports originates with the U.S. Energy and Employment Report (USEER), a yearly comprehensive look at all energy-sector jobs in the United States. The USEER analyzes data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) to track employment across the U.S. Fuels; Electric Power Generation; Transmission, Distribution, and Storage; Energy Efficiency; and Motor Vehicles sectors. In addition, the 2019 USEER includes data from a unique supplemental survey of approximately 30,000 employers across the U.S.

Q: Can you tell me more about the supplemental survey?

A: Created and conducted by BW Research Partnership and approved by the Office of Management and Budget and the U.S. Department of Energy, the survey of 30,000 businesses (conducted Sept.-Dec. 2018) identifies energy-related employment within key subsectors of the industries classified by the U.S. BLS. These jobs are then assigned to their component energy and energy efficiency sectors.

Additionally, there is detailed data for 53 separate technology classes that comprise the four surveyed energy sectors. Each technology is, in turn, divided into as many as seven industrial classifications. As a result, with the supplemental survey the USEER is able to provide an in-depth view of the hiring difficulty, in-demand occupations, and demographic composition of very specific portions of the energy and energy efficiency workforce in each state or in specific counties and, in some cases, portions of counties.

See more details about the research methodology (pages 9-13).

Q: What counts as an “energy efficiency job” in this report?

A: Energy efficiency employment covers jobs in both the production of energy-saving products and the provision of services that reduce end-use energy consumption. These services include not only the manufacture of ENERGY STAR® appliances and other ENERGY STAR labeled products, but also building design and contracting services that provide insulation, improve natural lighting, and reduce overall energy consumption across homes and businesses.

Jobs in sales and professional services (e.g., in finance/accounting, architecture, engineering, software development and R&D) are also included, as well as a tiny percentage of “other” jobs such as nonprofit organizational positions.

Energy efficiency jobs are predominantly focused on how effectively energy is used; i.e., how well a system cools or heats a building, and how to reduce waste via advanced materials and smart technology. You may consider the report a point-in-time count of workers directly employed in energy efficiency at the close of 2018.

Q: Are any energy efficiency jobs excluded from Energy Efficiency Jobs in America?

A: Yes. The report is a conservative estimate. It captures only jobs using certified energy efficiency products or those installed according to ENERGY STAR guidelines, and high-performance building materials. Jobs in advanced transportation and electric grid technologies, water or waste management are omitted, among other categories. Indirect or induced employment are not modeled or estimated. Also excluded are jobs related to vehicle fuel efficiency and the 4.2 million jobs related to efficient manufacturing processes.

Q: How do energy efficiency job numbers compare to other industries?

A: Very favorably!

Q: Who are the authors of this report?

A: Nonprofit E4TheFuture partnered with E2 (Environmental Entrepreneurs) and BW Research Partnership to develop and produce Energy Efficiency Jobs in America.

Q: Can I get the job numbers for my state?

A: Yes! The report provides details about all 50 states and the District of Columbia. You can view by county and metropolitan areas as well as by legislative district (Congressional and state).

Q: I want to see examples of real people behind the numbers. Do you provide any local workers in my state?

A: You can access examples in various ways. In the report, each state is represented by a “Face of EE” whose photo offers a glimpse of the real people in the energy efficiency workforce. Visit to meet clean energy workers including those employed in energy efficiency. See for additional fact sheets not contained in the report, with many more workers pictured.

Q: How can I support the growth of energy efficiency jobs in America, my state or region, and my community?

A: If you are an energy efficiency professional, you may join the Faces of EE at no cost: See Count Me In! Anyone can see and use educational materials designed to raise awareness, available here. And anyone can take the “Clean Jobs Count” pledge, E2’s campaign to advance awareness and support of America’s fastest-growing energy sector. Clean Jobs Count unites clean energy workers, business leaders, and investors to call on lawmakers to stand up for smart energy efficiency and renewable energy policies.

Connect with E2

Take Action - Sign Up for Email Updates

Events - Our Latest Events

BlueJeans WebinarBack in Business: The United States and International Climate Action

On April 22, the Biden administration will host a gathering of international leaders, the first since reaffirming the U.S. commitment to global climate action. As part... (Read More)

Achieving California’s Clean Energy Targets: Where The Rubber Meets The Road

WHAT Profound change is afoot in the quest to meet California’s ambitious decarbonization targets and our state’s electric grid is a critical lynchpin; delivering zero-carbon electricity... (Read More)

ZoomTransitioning to Healthy Homes & Buildings and Clean Jobs

Join us to discuss Colorado’s transition to pollution-free energy and what the means for buildings, homes, and jobs. As Colorado works to ensure a more sustainable... (Read More)

Donate Today