America’s Clean Economy Powerhouse in the Wake of COVID-19


Driven by the unforeseeable impact of last year’s pandemic and resulting economic crisis, California experienced its first decline in clean energy jobs in 2020 since E2 began tracking such occupations. California’s clean energy economy employed about 480,000 Californians at the end of 2020, down from 537,000 the year before.

However, since the sector’s losses peaked at the end of May 2020, jobs grew back by more than 13 percent compared to less than 6 percent in statewide economy overall. In fact, by the end of 2020 more than half of the clean energy jobs lost between March and May had been regained, leaving the sector down just 9 percent (about 52,000 jobs) since COVID-19.  Thanks to decades of smart state climate policy leadership, California’s clean energy economy has proven to not only be a core part of the state’s economy – representing 3 percent of overall state employment – but resilient and robust in the face of crushing economy-wide pressures.

Despite the overall decline, clean energy remains the biggest job creator across America’s energy sector:

  • Clean energy employs nearly six times as many workers as work in fossil fuel extraction and generation
  • More Californians still work in clean energy than work as registered nurses, accountants, lawyers, software designers, or truck drivers.
  • Median hourly wages for clean energy jobs also are about 29 percent higher than the statewide median wage.
  • Over half of the state’s clean energy jobs – 244,790 – were in construction with the clean energy economy employing 28 percent of the state’s entire construction workforce.

California Clean Energy Employment, 2020

Energy Efficiency 283,839
Renewables 130,403
Clean Vehicles 42,503
Storage & Grid 22,638
Clean Fuels 5,597
Total 484,980

Policy Can Catalyze a Comeback

While clean energy suffered like many sectors of the economy in 2020, the prospects for growth are greater than ever as detailed in this report.  Smart public policy leadership created the market environment to position California’s clean energy economy as a global leader over the last 20 years. Furthermore, policies that drive clean energy investments and job growth can also help mitigate the human toll and the economic cost of climate including the over $100 billion lost to extreme weather events in the U.S. in the last year alone. Climate risk is business risk.

Members of Congress can turn risk into opportunity by passing a robust American Jobs Plan anchored in clean energy investments to fund grid modernization, energy efficiency and electric vehicle charging networks at scale to form the backbone of a cleaner, more resilient economy. California lawmakers must build on existing state climate policy leadership to ensure the state remains a hub of job growth and innovation. Lawmakers must codify our state’s carbon neutrality goals while tightening our emissions mitigation targets, and continue to build out complementary policies to drive climate action to meet these goals.


Download the complete report at at this link.


This is the fourth annual Clean Jobs California report produced by E2 based on analysis of the USEER, which was first released by the DOE in 2016. E2 was an original proponent of the DOE producing the USEER and was a partner on the reports produced by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) and National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) after the Trump administration abandoned it in 2017.

For additional insight into E2’s Clean Jobs California or our other annual clean energy economic reports, visit

An FAQ is available at


Clean Jobs California 2021 is the 4th clean energy jobs report for California from E2. Previous reports can be accessed in the below links.

Connect with E2

Take Action - Sign Up for Email Updates

Events - Our Latest Events

San Francisco, CaliforniaE2 Partner Event – Pacific Offshore Wind Event

Boyed by E2 supporting AB 525, and with federal lease auctions expected by fall of 2022, California’s burgeoning offshore wind industry is at an exciting juncture.... (Read More)

ZoomA Conversation with Rep. Judy Chu and California Cleantech Leaders

President Biden entered office this year with an ambitious agenda including passage of meaningful climate legislation in Congress. As the year comes to a close and... (Read More)

ZoomDriving the Region Forward: Transportation Electrification in the Southeast

As national momentum builds towards a decarbonized transportation sector, the Southeast is experiencing substantial growth across the transportation electrification space, from electric vehicle manufacturing investment and... (Read More)

Donate Today