Clean energy and clean vehicle jobs in America grew 4 percent in 2022, bringing the total number of workers in renewable generation, energy efficiency, clean vehicles, battery and storage, grid modernization, and biofuels to more than 3.3 million. Clean energy now employs over 40 percent of all energy workers in America.

The increase in 2022 marked the full workforce recovery for multiple sectors following the earlier impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Renewable energy, biofuels, and storage and grid modernization sectors officially surpassed their sectors’ pre-pandemic job numbers in 2022 while clean vehicles—which continued to add jobs during the pandemic—kept up its industry-leading growth pace.

Approximately 127,000 jobs were added across all sectors—accounting for more than 3 percent of all U.S. jobs added in 2022. Over the past two years clean energy jobs have grown by more than 10 percent, faster than the overall energy industry and overall U.S. employment.

It’s a trend that’s expected to continue as the clean energy sector begins to feel the full impact from historic investments passed in the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). Clean energy and clean vehicle companies announced 210 major projects across 38 states in the year after the IRA was signed into law on August 16, 2022.2 The numbers in this report do not reflect the estimated 74,000 jobs to be created by the projects announced.

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Key Findings

  • The states with the most clean energy jobs remained unchanged from 2021, led by California and Texas with over 500,000 and 250,000 jobs respectively, followed by New York, Florida, Michigan, Illinois, Massachusetts, Ohio, and North Carolina all with at least 100,000.
  • Employment increased by more than 6 percent in five states (Tenn. Ky., Okla., N.J., N.M.), while the sector accounted for more than 5 percent of all 20 jobs in Vermont and over 3 percent in four other states (Mass., Wyo., Md., R.I.).
  • Los Angeles County (Calif.), Harris County (Texas), Orange County (Calif.), Cook County (Ill.), and San Diego County (Calif.) led all counties for the most clean energy jobs with at least 50,000 jobs in each. 
  • Kenedy County (Texas), Pulaski County (Ill.), and Storey County (Nev.) had the highest density in clean energy employment while Dewey County (Okla.), Hoke County (N.C.), and Hopewell County (Va.) had the fastest growth rates. 
  • Clean energy sectors set record employment highs two years after the pandemic-fueled unemployment crisis cost the industry more than 620,000 jobs. 
  • Energy efficiency remained the single-biggest employer across the entire energy sector, employing more than 2.2 million Americans, adding more than 50,000 jobs in 2022 (up 2.3%). 
  • 1.6 million construction jobs were supported by clean energy in 2022, which would account for about 1 in every 7 construction workers nationwide. 
  • Jobs grew across all subsectors of renewable energy, led by wind energy (7.5%) and geothermal (5.0%). In all, nearly 20,000 jobs were added in 2022 and over 535,000 Americans now work in renewable energy sectors—an 8.5% increase since 2021. 
  • The storage and grid modernization sector added over 8,000 jobs in 2022, up 5.8%. Jobs making power grids more resilient and able to handle more renewable energy led the sector, growing 11.6% followed by battery and energy storage (6.2%). Since 2021, the sector increased employment by 9.8%. 
  • Clean vehicle makers continue to lead all clean energy sectors in growth, adding nearly 50,000 jobs. Electric vehicles (EVs) led the sector, adding nearly 30,000 jobs alone in 2022 (26.8%), followed closely by hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles (25.2%). Since 2021, every clean vehicle subsector has increased employment by over 27% with EVs and hydrogen and fuel-cell vehicles seeing job growth rates over 60%. The sector also continued to outgrow the gas and diesel-powered vehicle industry (1.6%). 
  • The smallest clean energy sector, biofuels, added over 1,000 jobs in 2022. Since 2021, the sector has increased employment by 8.4% and over 3,000 jobs. 

2023 Clean Energy Employment Toplines

Total Clean Energy 3,315,199
Renewable Energy 534,603
Grid & Storage 151,412
Energy Efficiency 2,215,432
Clean Fuels 40,148
Clean Vehicles 373,604

Looking for More Info?

This is the eighth annual Clean Jobs America report produced by E2 based on analysis of the USEER, which was first released by the DOE in 2016. E2 was an original proponent of the DOE producing the USEER, and was a partner on the reports produced by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) and National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) after the Trump administration abandoned it in 2017.

If you are looking for additional insight into E2’s Clean Jobs America 2023 or our other clean energy employment reports, visit A FAQ is also available here to answer any questions.

Previous Reports

Clean Jobs America 2022 is the 7th national clean energy jobs report from E2. Previous reports can be accessed in the below links.

Sign Up for Email Updates

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Our Latest Press Releases


FERC Transmission Rule a “Win for the Climate and the Economy”

 The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) announced its regional transmission rule today, setting standards for the planning and development of new transmission lines that improve reliability, saves costs, and will help bring new clean energy resourc...



100,000 Clean Energy Manufacturing Jobs Announced Since IRA; Companies Add 1,500 New Jobs in April

More than 100,000 manufacturing jobs have been announced by companies since the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) was signed into law after companies announced four new large-scale clean energy projects in April that are expected to hire nearly 1,500 manufactur...



MI ANALYSIS: 18 New Clean Energy, Vehicle Projects to Create 28K Jobs, Add $10B to GDP, Generate $7B in Wages for Michigan

New report models impact of 18 announced large-scale clean energy projects tracked by E2 in Mich. during the first year after the IRA was signed into law (Aug. 2022-Aug. 2023) During construction, projects will generate 22K jobs, $7B in new wag...


Donate Today